Papua New Guinea is located in the continent of Oceania. Papua New Guinea covers 452,860 square kilometres of land and 9,980 square kilometres of water, making it the 55th largest nation in the world with a total area of 462,840 square kilometres. Papua New Guinea is also the world’s second largest island country in the world and biggest island country in the South Pacific.
Papua New Guinea became an independent state in 1975, after gaining its sovereignty from Australia as its protectorate after the British left in the 1800s.
Papua New Guinea shares land borders with Indonesia and maritime boarders with Australia and Solomon Islands.
Papua New Guinea has one of the most diverse populations on earth with over 800 languages, traditions and customs. The culture of Papua New Guinea is multi-faceted and complex, with small clusters of groups having their own distinctive dialects.
Because of this diversity, many different styles of cultural expression have emerged; each group has created its own expressive form of art, dance, weaponry, costumes, singing, and music . For the purpose of communication between the various diverse groups of people, TOK PISIN (or Pidgin English) has evolved as the commonly spoken medium.
In the past, and in rural areas to this day, people live in villages or dispersed hamlets that rely heavily on subsistence farming in agriculture. Those who live alongside the coastlines use the sea for fishing, whilst those in the inter land are skilled at farming and hunting.
Papua New Guinea is made up of four regions. Each region has several diverse provinces in their cultures, traditions, and way of life.
The country’s demographic conditions and cultural and ethnic diversity of the people in the country speaks great volumes to one issue - uniqueness.
The people of this country are bound by different cultures and traditions that exhibit a strong sense of duty to the communities within which they live. Through these communities, the people thrive by working together on the land that they customarily own. This forms the basis of their livelihood. People are very committed to this kind of life; they work hard to feed their families.
Papua New Guineans have to be respectful, hardworking and objective-driven in achieving whatever goals they set in order to improve their lives.
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